Groupage freight
Groupage freight | Freight forwarding

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      Groupage freight - functionality and definition

      In the transport and logistics sector, groupage freight is the term used when several shipments are combined into one load. Groupage freight may have a maximum of 6 pallet spaces and a maximum total weight of 3 tons.

      To handle the transport, several parties and forwarders are connected with the help of interfaces and data networks.


      The benefits of groupage freight

      This shipping method is suitable for shipping up to 6 pallets with a maximum weight of 3 tons. Due to its cost-effectiveness, groupage freight is a widely used method in logistics. Combining the different shipments has the advantage of being particularly cost-saving.

      In the case of groupage freight, freight forwarders are responsible for planning shipping routes in advance in a logistically appropriate manner, taking time and traffic aspects into account. Furthermore, they need to pay attention to the utilization of the loading space capacity, the correct loading and delivery priorities along the transport route.

      How does the transport of groupage freight work?

      1. Pre-carriage: In the first phase of groupage freight transport, several shipments are collected from different senders. These shipments are often too small to fill a truck alone, so it makes sense to integrate them into groupage transport.

      2. First transshipment: Once the goods have arrived at the local depot of the responsible freight forwarder, they are consolidated. This means that they are grouped together into larger load units based on their destinations.

      3. Main run: The main run is a central part of groupage freight. Here, the consolidated loads are transported to their destinations. This step in groupage freight usually takes place over longer distances.

      4. Second transshipment: After arrival in the destination area, the shipments are deconsolidated within the groupage freight, i.e. divided into their individual components again so that each shipment can be brought individually to the respective consignee.

      5. On-carriage: The final step in groupage freight is fine distribution. The individual shipments are transported from a local depot to the final consignees.

      Which parties are involved in the transportation of groupage freight?

      In the case of groupage freight, several parties work together to ensure successful handling:

      • Shipper: Appoints a freight forwarder to transport the groupage freight
      • Shipping Forwarder: Coordinates the pickup of the goods and forwards them with other shipments to the receiving forwarder
      • Receiving forwarder: Receives the goods from the first forwarder and delivers them to the consignee
      • Consignee: Receives the shipment

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